Racial, War Time

Inauguration of Jefferson Davis As Confederate President, February 18, 1861, Montgomery, AL

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Issue Graphs and Maps, Landscape and Urban Growth, War Time

Jamestown was founded in 1607, but Even as late as 1700, it could not be said that the English Settlements were totally secure or all that far from the coasts. Ten percent of Plymouth Bay Colony colonists lost their lives during King Phillip’s War (1675-1678)

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War Time

World War 2 Morale Campaign

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Racial, Social Movements, War Time

Camp Nordland: American Nazi Summer Camp, 1937-1941, Andover, NJ


In the years before the Second World War, the Bund held events at the facility to encourage pro-German, pro-Nazi values—many of these events attracting over 10,000 visitors. On 18 August 1940, it was the site of a joint rally with the Ku Klux Klan, organized by Alton Milford Young and Arthur Hornbui Bell. On 30 April 1941, Sussex County sheriff Denton Quick led a law-enforcement raid with ten deputized American Legionnaires on the camp which resulted in its closure, confiscation, and the arrests and trials of key Bund leaders. One of those convicted, August Klapprott, a naturalized American citizen, later petitioned the Supreme Court of the United States in Klapprott v. United States, 335 U.S. 601 (1949), to intervene in the revocation of his citizenship and the proposed deportation that resulted from his conviction.
After being seized by the government, the property was eventually turned over to Andover Township and became the township’s “Hillside Park.” Today, the facility houses the township’s police headquarters and several recreational fields. The property’s banquet hall is used for township events and frequently rented for wedding receptions. While much of its history and notoriety has faded over the last 70 years, many local residents of Sussex County still refer to the area as the “bund camp.
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War Time

Vietnam POWs Return, 1973

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